You can read here the first part of this article.
At a time when sustainability is increasingly a concern in all sectors of society, defining what is an ecological and sustainable destination is a difficult task.
While some countries, such as Costa Rica, have a sustainability strategy, not only for tourism but for all of the country’s operations, many places are still taking the first steps in implementing measures to protect the environment and communities.
Given the different rhythms that characterize the world, we have created a list where we present some countries and the different ways in which sustainable tourism and the positive impact of travellers are being addressed.
Wildlife, paradisiacal beaches, lush forests, volcanoes, coral reefs, fascinating culture and traditional communities have put Indonesia as a destination of reference on the international scene.
In the year 2017, there were around 14,039,799 entries in the country, 21.9% more than in the previous year, numbers satisfactory for the local tourism industry, which brings with them ecological concerns leading to the already being taken measures to preserve their cultural and environmental heritage.
Currently, for travellers wishing to embrace the archipelago in all its natural glory, Indonesia has 733 protected areas and has 4 National Parks considered UNESCO heritage sites. One of them is precisely the Komodo National Park whose name is due to the endemic species of the zone, the Komodo Dragons. A true paradise for nature lovers who, in addition to being able to observe the largest lizard in the world, still have the privilege of diving in an incredible and rich underwater scenery. Close, we find the island of Flores, where its traditional houses and indigenous crafts are as or more iconic than some of its most emblematic natural landscapes. Pioneer in sustainable tourism, Flores sees today some of its most traditional villages transformed into centres of preservation and cultural education.
On the most famous island of the country is the Western National Park of Bali, an untouched jungle that covers an area of 190 km2 of coastline, tropical forest, mangrove swamp, bringing together incredible biodiversity. Borneo emerges as an urgent case for implementing conservation measures, thanks to intensive deforestation in support of palm oil plantation, seeing threatened not only its most emblematic inhabitant, the orangutan, but all its rich and delicate biodiversity. Not to be missed for lovers of wildlife, nature, snorkelling, diving and trekking, we quickly find ecological services to enjoy its charms.
by the tour leader Miriam Augusto.
Peru is on the wishlist top for many travellers’ list, the purpose is almost always to reach Machu Picchu. However, Peru offers a rich cultural and biodiversity experience, it has much more to see and do. Of the approximately 25,000 species of plants that can be found, about 30% are endemic to Peru. The Manu Biosphere Reserve, the Tambopata National Reserve and the Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve are three of the world’s largest protected rainforest areas, all located within the Amazon. Here the tourist entrances are regulated by the Government, but unfortunately, the reserves continue to be exploited in a little-controlled way by other industries.
In Peru, it is also possible to observe penguins, sea lions and thousands of birds on the Ballestas islands, travel through the Huacachina desert, and go through the Andes where magnificent mountains are found.
It is in Lake Titicaca, one of the most unusual places in the world, that one can observe a form of sustainable tourism that comes from the organisation of the inhabitants themselves, and which I consider to be the most interesting that I have seen on the road. Every day hundreds of travellers arrive in these islands, but the accommodation is arranged in an orderly manner by all families. A great example of respect and sharing of the benefits of tourism.
by the tour leader Patrícia Campos.
Vietnam has an environmental problem! It has some of the noisiest and polluted cities in Asia, industrial pollution and the effects of the large volume of mass tourism is visible, as a consequence of active promotion of the destination. The good news is that since 2015, the country’s government has been implementing new measures to promote ecological and sustainable tourism. One of the most important steps was the recognition of the need to protect its coral reef, one of the most vibrant in all of Asia coast, but also one of the most fragile. To this end, a law was also created that makes it illegal to deposit rubbish along the coast, which until then was not regulated.
In addition to government measures, private institutions and foundations are also funding sustainable tourism projects in the country. One of the examples recognised as of great importance is in the area of accommodation. The landscape of the country lost in part its characteristics by large hotel units. At this moment, more and more options based on green construction in harmony with nature and that encompass this relationship with the ecosystem in the concept they offer to the travellers.
With a rich fauna and flora, Vietnam is one of those countries where the choice of accommodation, transport and activities must be fully conscious and in harmony with nature so that this destination full of charm can continue to show what it has impressed the first adventurers. The supply of sustainable and ecologically responsible options is increasing, there are no more excuses!
by the tour leader Fábio Inácio.
Cover photo: Miriam Augusto